Writing Exercises In engineering and science, a thesis or dissertation is the culmination of a master's or Ph. A thesis or dissertation presents the research that the student performed for that degree. From the student's perspective, the primary purpose of a thesis or dissertation is to persuade the student's committee that he or she has performed and communicated research worthy of the degree.
No Comments The discussion section is a very important part of your dissertation or research paper. It is also one of the most difficult parts to write, and sometimes the longest. Yet, many students write it in a rushed manner.
Eager to reach the finishing line, they miss the opportunity to fully explore their findings and put them in the context of other research in the field. The first rule that applies to writing your discussion is therefore to allow enough time to give it the credit that it deserve.
Your discussion section allows you to take a fresh perspective on your findings, so you can dig deep and provide new and original ideas from your research. Here are some of the common mistakes people make when writing their discussion section: Simply repeating their results section, with little reference to existing literature.
Making conclusions that cannot be made from their data — you need to be able to differentiate between strong and weak results Thesis discussion scientific not exaggerate your findings. Focusing too much on the limitations of the study, which can make readers question the relevance of the work.
In contrast, some can completely forget to acknowledge the limitations of their study. Repeating what was already said in the introduction without linking Thesis discussion scientific to the results.
To avoid these mistakes, bear in mind that in your discussion section you are expected to interpret and explain your results, link them to other studies, answer your research question s and evaluate your study.
You can consider following this sequence: Your discussion section is a review of your findings, and it should show you really understand them. It is generally written in the present tense, and can have subheadings to make it easier to read.
The following strategies can help you draft a good discussion: You should refer back to your introduction and establish if what you found was consistent with the existing literature, or if it was somewhat unexpected or controversial. Did your sampling method contribute to it? Or your choice of methodology?
At this point, make sure you have sufficiently justified your methodological decisions in the methodology part of your thesis.
Unusual findings can be good, but they might also elicit more questions from the committee and other readers, so make sure you have all the answers. Try to show both sides of your argument. This will give your conclusions more credence. Again, somewhere in your discussion section show that you are aware of the limitations of your study.
Provide one or two recommendations for future research or follow-up studies. Make sure you address all your results, including those that were not statistically significant. You might also want to revisit your introduction section at this point and put more emphasis on studies that have proven relevant for the interpretation of your results.
What is the difference between a discussion section and your conclusion? There are some similarities between the terms discussion and conclusion in academic writing. These two terms usually represent two separate concepts.
While you might have noticed some similarities between the two, they both generally have a different purpose. The discussion is a detailed presentation of your findings and provides scientific back-up for your arguments.
It explains your findings and interprets them in context of previous work, as well as provides some suggestions for future research. The conclusion, on the other hand, is generally brief and provides just the main points of your dissertation; i.
It can be seen as a summary of your discussion and tells the reader why your research matters. For a more thorough description of the term conclusion as it applies to academic writing, you can refer to this post.
If you decide to combine these two concepts, it is important that you cover all of your required topics in a systematic way. At all times, cultivate creative thinking and make sure you are telling the reader a coherent narrative that is hopefully making them excited about your results.In a conventional thesis, what we call the IMRAD type (introduction, methods, results, discussion and conclusion) the discussion chapter appears a discrete chapter.
Before you worry about the discussion chapter too much, consider whether you need to treat the discussion as a separate section at all.
Discussion of theses and dissertations in the Writing Guidelines for Engineering and Science Students: guidelines to help students of science and engineering make their writing more efficient for others to read and to make the process of writing more efficient for them to perform.
Writing a Scientific Thesis. Although scientific/engineering theses/dissertations are written according to the technical interests of the individual writer, they typically follow the same structure.
Discussion. This is the section of the thesis in which you explain the implications of the . When writing a thesis, it is imperative that the student follows the universal well-acknowledged structure format known as “IMRAD”: i.e.
Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion. A summary of the thesis, known as the ‘Abstract’, is placed at the beginning of the “IMRAD”, while all references cited in .
Thesis Writing in the Sciences. Intro: Lit Review; Methods; Results ; Discussion ; Scientific Style ; Writing the Discussion.
The discussion section is a framing section, like the Introduction, which returns to the significance argument set up in your introduction. So reread your introduction carefully before writing the discussion; you will.
How to Write A Scientific Thesis Aims. It is important to remember that scientific inquiry is motivated by specific questions and that to write clearly you should have your question at .