More than 50 years and quite a few buildings later, USA is a vibrant university that continues to serve as a catalyst for transformational change in the city, the state and the Gulf Coast region. Realizing the region had outgrown the small extension program that operated out of a building downtown, they formulated plans for a four-year, degree-granting institution. On May 3,a bill creating a new, independent university successfully passed the Alabama Legislature, and USA was born.
Pakistani Alternative Names While the official name of the nation is the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, generally the country has been referred to as Pakistan since As part of India's independence from Great Britain ina partition took part of their land and created Pakistan as a separate Islamic nation.
It is estimated that approximately 95 percent of the population are Muslim, but members of several minority religions live there, including some Hindus, Christians, Parsis, Sikhs, and Buddhists.
Although the modern nation of Pakistan was but fifty-three years old init has territorial areas and tribal populations whose histories date back many centuries; thus Pakistan has both an ancient and a relatively new identity.
Pakistan is in South Asia and issquare milessquare kilometers in area. It was created from what had been the northwest side of India. All of the country except the southern portion is landlocked, with Afghanistan to the northwest, Jammu and Kashmir to the northeast, India to the east and southeast, and Iran to the west.
In the southern portion, along the shores of the city of Karachi, which was the original capital when the nation was formed in l, is the Arabian Sea. Karachi is well known for its shorelines.
Most of the northern section of the country consists of mountains and also the famous Khyber Pass, whose history goes back several thousand years.
It is in this northern section where most of the ancient tribes still live and where many ancient tribal cultures and customs still exist. The city of Islamabad, which is centrally located in the country, was officially named the capital of Pakistan inand construction began on government buildings in addition to others.
Islamabad became the active capital in In addition to modern government buildings it also features a wide variety of modern hotels, an international airport, and the nearby famous ancient city of Rawalpindi. In addition to being known for a number of mountains, including K-2, which is the second-highest mountain in world, Pakistan also has several lakes and rivers, including the Indus River, which is 1, miles 2, kilometers long.
Pakistan also has several deserts, in Punjab and Sind. Pakistan is also home to Taxila, the oldest known university in the world. In the north, leading from China, through Tammu and Kashmir, is a famous ancient silk road.
There are snowcapped mountains in the north, sunny beaches in the south, and a wide variety of geographically and culturally interesting sites elsewhere.
The population of Pakistan is estimated to be million. An estimated 40 million live in urban areas, with the balance in rural areas.
In addition to the residents of the major cities of Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, and Peshawar, which is the city at the edge of the Kybher Pass gateway, a number of tribal residents live in valleys.
These include Chitral Valley, at an elevation of 3, feet 1, meterswhere the majority of the people are Muslims but that also is home to the Kafir-Kalash wearers of the black robea primitive pagan tribe.
In Swat Valley, which was once the cradle of Buddhism, Muslim conquerors fought battles and residents claim to be descendants of soldiers of Alexander the Great. In the Hunza Valley, people are noted Pakistan for longevity, which they claim is because of diet and way of life.
The people of Hunza Valley are Muslims and also are believed to be descendants of soldiers of Alexander the Great.
Shardu Valley is the capital of the district of Baltistan and is known as "Little Tibet" because the lifestyle there is similar to that in Tibet itself. The people of each of these valley areas are well known for their tribal cultures, handicrafts, and for fascinating clothing, most of which is woven and handmade there and unique to their particular area.
The official language of Pakistan is Urdu, but most public officials, people, and others in Pakistan also speak English; English is referred to as the informal official language of Pakistan.
Urdu was created by combining the languages of early invaders and settlers, including Arabic, Persian, and Turkish. The spoken form of Urdu is the same as that of Hindi but it is written in a different script than Hindi.
While Urdu and English are prevalent throughout Pakistan, a number of other languages are spoken in different valleys and areas. The design of Pakistan's flag was officially adopted by the country's Constituent Assembly in Julyit was flown for the first time on their independence day, 14 August l The flag was designed by Ali Jinnah, the man acclaimed as the founder of Pakistan.Women in Math and Science Quiz.
Created by Margaret Zierdt, NWHP Board Member. 1. Who turned to the study of ancient climates and cosmology after teaching at the University of Colorado () and working with Enrico Fermi on the nuclear reactor for the atomic bomb ()? KEY POINTS: The history of the HIV and AIDS epidemic began in illness, fear and death as the world faced a new and unknown virus.
However, scientific advances, such as the development of antiretroviral drugs, have enabled people with access to treatment to live long and healthy lives with HIV.
But Some of Us Are Brave: A History of Black Feminism in the United States The Black Feminist Movement grew out of, and in response to, the Black Liberation Movement and the Women's Movement.
The right for women to be educated has been long sought after. The history of women education started the beginning of feminism. Education, over the last two hundred years, has changed women lives in America according to Barbara M.
Solomon. In the early years of American history women were. Throughout the history women always had fewer rights and job opportunities than men. The only professions women could obtain until recently were wifehood and motherhood. In the 20th century, however, women in most nations have started the fight for .
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