Read this article to learn about the role of information technology in environment and human health. Role of Information Technology in Environment:
Information technology has tremendous potential in the field of environment education and health as in any other field like business, economics, politics or culture. Development of internet facilities, Geographic Information System GIS and information through satellites has generated a wealth of up-to- date information on various aspects of environment and health.
A number of software have been developed for environment and health studies which are used friendly and can help an early learner in knowing and understanding the subject.
Database on Environment System: Database is the collection of interrelated data on various subjects. It is usually in computerized form and can be retrieved whenever required.
In the computer the information of database and can be very quickly retrieved. The comprehensive database includes wildlife database, conservation database, forest cover database etc.
NMIS of the Department of Science and Technology has compiled a database on Research and Development Projects along with information about research scientists and personnel involved.
With its headquarters in Delhi, it functions in 25 different centres all over the country. The ENVIS centres work for generating a network of database in areas like pollution control, clean technologies, remote sensing, coastal ecology, biodiversity, western Ghats and eastern environmental management, media related to environment, renewable energy, desertification, mangroves, wildlife, Himalayan ecology, mining etc.
Satellite imageries provide us actual information about various physical and biological resources and also to some extent about their state of degradation in a digital form through remote sensing.
We are able to gather digital information on environment aspects like water logging, desertification, deforestation, urban sprawl, river and canal network, mineral and energy reserves and so on. GIS has proved to be a very effective tool in environmental management. GIS is a technique of superimposing various thematic maps using digital data on a large number of inter-related or inter dependent aspects.
Several useful soft-wares have been developed for working in the field of GIS. Different thematic maps containing digital information on a number of aspects like water resources, industrial growth, human settlements, road network, soil type, forest land, crop land or grassland etc.
Such information of polluted zones, degraded lands or diseased cropland etc. Planning for locating suitable areas for industrial growth is now being done using GIS by preparing Zoning Atlas.
GIS serves to check unplanned growth and helps in providing correct, reliable and verifiable information about forest cover, success of conservation efforts etc. They also provide information of atmospheric phenomena, like approach of monsoon, ozone layer depletion many new reserves of oil; minerals etc.
It also helps in identifying several disease infested areas which are prone to some vector-borne diseases like malaria, schistosomiasis etc.
There are several Distribution Information Centres DICs in our country that are linked with each other and with the central information network having access to international database. They also provide information of atmospheric phenomena like approach of monsoon, ozone layer depletion, inversion phenomena, smog etc.
We are able to discover many new reserves of oils, minerals etc. Thus remote sensing and GIS play a key role in resource mapping, environmental conservation, management, and planning and environmental impact assessment.Role Of Information Technology In Environmental Protection.
Introduction Technology can be defined as the invention, modification, usage, and knowledge of tools, machines, techniques, crafts, systems, and methods of organization, in order to solve a problem, improve a preexisting solution to a problem, achieve a goal, handle an applied input/output relation or perform a specific function.
Role of Information Technology in Environment: The important roles of information technology in environment are as follows: 1. Remote Sensing: Remote sensing technique through satellite can be used to assess ongoing changes in the environment and to predict natural calamities like droughts, floods and volcanic eruptions etc.
The Role of Science and Technology in Society and Governance. Toward a New Contract between Science and Society Kananaskis Village, Alberta (Canada), November Pathways to Sustainability Achieving sustainable economic growth will require changes in industrial processes, in the type and amount of resources used, and in the products which are manufactured.
The Council believes that the world must move to a more energy-efficient society, one that uses resources more responsibly and organizes industrial.
Environmental scientists and specialists use their knowledge of the natural sciences to protect the environment and human health. They may clean up polluted areas, advise policymakers, or work with industry to reduce waste.
Productivity & Technology» Environmental science and protection technicians monitor the environment and Work experience in related occupation: None. ADVERTISEMENTS: Role of Information Technology in Environment and Human Health! Information technology has tremendous potential in the field of environment education and health as in any other field like business, economics, politics or culture.