Literature and Terrorism In an age of terror, how does literature help us transcend our reality, lend perspective to our confusion by pulling us into the past and other cultures, and give expression to our anguish and fear through catharsis?
Wilner and Dobouloz described homegrown terrorism as "autonomously organized radicalized Westerners with little direct assistance from transnational networks, usually organized within the home or host country, and targets fellow nationals.
Security analysts have argued that after the end of the Cold Warmilitary conflicts have increasingly involved violent non-state actors carrying out asymmetric warfare of which terror attacks are one part. The United States has begun to account for the threat of homegrown terrorism, as shown by increased volume of literature on the Research paper the clash of civilisations in recent years and increased number of terrorist websites since Abu Musab al-Zarqawithe leader of al-Qaeda in Iraqbegan posting beheading videos in A July document by the FBI estimated that there were roughly 15, websites and web forums that support terrorist activities, with around 10, of them actively maintained.
Combatting a Complex Threat, between May and Novemberlaw enforcement made arrests related to 22 homegrown jihadist-inspired terror plots by American citizens or legal residents of the U.
This is a significant increase over the 21 plots caught in the seven interim years after the September 11 attacks. During these seven years, two plots resulted in attacks, compared to the two attacks between May and Novemberwhich resulted in 14 deaths. This spike post-May shows that some Americans are susceptible to ideologies that support a violent form of jihad.
On June 6,Prime Minister David Cameron announced a wide-ranging strategy to prevent British citizens from being radicalized into becoming terrorists while at university. The strategy is intended to prevent extremist speakers or groups from coming to universities.
Many lone wolves share a common trait in that they seek acceptance from other groups but are typically met with rejection. Homegrown terrorists have been high school dropouts, college graduates, members of the military, and cover the range of financial situations.
Recent research by Matt Qvortrup in the British Journal of Politics and International Relations has suggested that domestic terrorism is a result of lack of opportunities for meaningful political engagement.
Some domestic terrorists studied overseas and were exposed to radical Islamist thought, while others took their inspiration from the internet. Terror Networks in the Twenty-First Century that, contrary to popular belief, radicalization into terrorism is not the product of poverty, various forms of brainwashing, youth, ignorance, lack of education, lack of employment, lack of social responsibility, criminality, or mental illness.
Research Paper: the Clash of Civilisations and the Remaking of World Oder Essay. CHRIST UNIVERSITY Research Paper on THE CLASH OF CIVILISATIONS AND THE REMAKING OF WORLD ORDER Preeti John Puliyankunnel Registration number: 08PG MCN September Department of Media Studies Christ University Bangalore International relations is a field of . This paper discussed Huntington's theory about the clash of civilizations and to what extent this theory find its support in research on war causation. Huntington is right to a certain extent, that future wars will be more and more between different cultures. This paper discussed Huntington’s theory about the clash of civilizations and to what extent this theory find its support in research on war causation. Huntington is right to a certain extent, that future wars will be more and more between different cultures.
Prison systems are also a concern as a place of radicalization and jihadist recruiting; nearly three dozen ex-convicts who attended training camps in Yemen were believed to have been radicalized in prison. Pakistani Taliban TPP was on record as providing financing and four months of training for Shazad directly prior to his actions in Times Square.
Shazad reportedly received only three to five days of training in bomb-making. Some individuals go abroad to a region containing extremism, predominantly Pakistan, but also Iraq, Afghanistan,Yemen or Somalia.
In the case of the London Underground bombersMohammad Sidique Khanthe operational leader of the cell, received military and explosives training at a camp in MalakandPakistan in July Later he took Shezad Tanweer to Karachi, Pakistan, in late to February where they crossed the border to receive training at al-Qaeda camps in Afghanistan.
Some, such as Shahzad, received little training and ultimately failed in their goals.
Scholars say that some lone wolves may achieve objectives, but the vast majority of individual operators fail to execute their plans because of lack of training and planning.
There is also a question as to whether such individuals are radical, or suffering other problems. But, investigators found no evidence of this. The lead county prosecutor said that, aside from Muhammad's self-serving statements, it was "just an awful killing", like others he had seen.
The American Nidal Hasanthe US Army major and psychiatrist charged in the Fort Hood shootinghad come to the attention of colleagues and superiors years before the shootings; they documented their concerns about his mental state.
The Department of Defense has classified the event as "workplace violence" rather than terrorism, pending Hasan's court martial.
Some observers believe that his personal characteristics are more like those of other mass murderers than terrorists; he did not belong to any group.
Hoffman believes this indicates that radicalization and recruitment is not an isolated, lone-wolf phenomenon unique to Somali-Americans, but that there is terrorist recruitment infrastructure in the United States.The atmospheric concentration of CO2 today is 30% higher than when recording began in , and the rate of the increase is faster now than in the last decade.
The last time CO2 levels were this high was during the Pliocene million years ago, when temperatures were around what they are now, (they may have been lower than today) and the world’s oceans were about 20m higher than they are now.
This paper discussed Huntington’s theory about the clash of civilizations and to what extent this theory find its support in research on war causation. Huntington is right to a certain extent, that future wars will be more and more between different cultures.
Someone is changing the past for financial gain/ or altering the past and causing rifts in other areas by happenstance. I sent you one story about an arcade game here is one that hit me hard and close to home a couple of years ago.
The hard-copy book is fairly unusual. It is written in the form of a “research report” in which one finds summarised, in the most condensed and undemanding form possible, fieldwork studies which were impossible to print in their entirety. Latest breaking news, including politics, crime and celebrity.
Find stories, updates and expert opinion. Tony Blair: a liar and a coward War is the greatest interest bearing debt generator known to mankind War is Murder for Profit UNICEF say Iraqi children are dying EVERY MONTH - stop sanctions NOW!
To save the lives of innocent fellow countrymen Western rulers must stop military invasions, occupation and covert operations NOW!