June 16, by Natasha Quinonez What you write about is only part of what makes up a great essay.
Return to Content Improve coherence in essays: The idea is simple, I take a sample of work submitted by a student and look at ways of improving it.
I show you the original, I explain the problem and then give you an exercise to practise your skills so that you can avoid the problem.
This time I am going to look at the concept of coherence and one way of building paragraphs so that they make a complete essay. Test yourself Here is the challenge. There are two versions below, which do you prefer?
They both contain the same language, both are pretty much grammatically correct. Do you think that one is better than the other though? Read the paragraphs version A Firstly, there are the very poor nations which are suffering from dramatic conditions such as civil war, starvation, dictatorial political systems, no minimal sanitary facilities contaminated water and contagious diseases like AIDS.
For example, the most unfortunate nations on Earth, such as Somalia or Ethiopia have very basic needs that have to be dealt with. The only way developed countries can help is through very long term and costly programmes, for example, by financing the establishment of NGOs in those countries on a permanent basis.
This is due to the fact many poor countries are suffering from problems that are so serious that there is no possible short-term solution. For example, problems in many countries in sub- Saharan Africa, such as civil war, starvation and the spread of AIDS, need to be tackled methodically over a period of time.
One possibility here would be for wealthier governments to fund programmes financing NGOs to provide long-term assistance in the neediest areas. I would suggest though that one is much better than the other.
Let me try and explain why. To do this, you need to read the paragraph that came before and to think about essay structure.
The main point are: Look at this chain. See how it all links together: That is all coherence is. Separate paras linked into one essay. Now read the previous paragraph From my point of view, the more fortunate nations should engage themselves to combat poverty by taking into consideration two facts: According to these facts, I would classify actions to be taken in three categories: This is an excellent introduction.
We now what the essay is about and how it is going to be structured. The main idea thesis of the essay is that there are 3 ways this should happen: The next paragraph must link to this or the chain is broken. Seeing the problem Now re-read version A again and my notes on it below to understand the problem.
It is a problem of coherence and the problem lies in the first sentence: Firstly, there are the very poor nations which are suffering from dramatic conditions such as civil war, starvation, dictatorial political systems, no minimal sanitary facilities contaminated water and contagious diseases like AIDS.
The problems of the poor countries is not the first point at all. This is the first measure to take. Because it is the main point and it relates to the previous paragraph, it should start the paragraph Finding a solution The first sentence gives the main point of the paragraph The solution is fairly easy.
To see it, you only need to read the first sentence of version B again. The key being that this is the first sentence.
Perhaps the most important of these measures is to plan for the long term. It is a short, simple sentence that does two jobs.
All you need to do next is explain and exemplify.A linking sentence coherently connects two other sentences together in an essay. It is placed between the two sentences in order to provide them with more context, allowing the paragraph to proceed in a logical fashion. Nov 14, · Linking can mean both linking back to the main argument or linking to the next paragraph.
Summarise the argument and give justification. In this example, the linking sentence simply refers back to original argument and points discussed%(44). Linking words help you to connect ideas and sentences when you speak or write English Using linking or transition words that signpost your arguments can help to clarify your views and show the reader what to expect from certain paragraphs or sentences.
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It is a good idea to occasionally use linking words and phrases at the start of a new paragraph.
They can help to link what you have said in the previous paragraph to what you are about to say in your new paragraph..
These link words and phrases are often referred to as signposts. Jun 16, · What you write about is only part of what makes up a great essay. Without good flow, your writers will end up lost or bored, so be sure your writing flows. The best way to be sure your writing flows is by linking up your paragraphs and sentences alphabetnyc.com: Natasha Quinonez.