Governor- Generalwas the representative of the Spanish King in the Philippines exercised the power of the monarch did NOT possess absolute and independent power. He had the following powers in his hand:
The Philippine revolution and beyond, vol. Reprinted in Rolando M. Part 1, Section 1. De La Salle University; 3rd ed. The nationalistic spirit Corrupt officialdom rizals time Rizal wanted the Filipino people to internalize, on the whole, has not yet been materialized. The author at the end discusses a possible Kantian solution.
A utopia was originally conceived as a desirable society. Thomas More Finley In a significant sense an ideal society is possible albeit improbable. It can only be copied or implemented imperfectly. It is in this sense that it derives a negative connotation of impracticality and therefore without utility.
That he failed to educate and train a ruler to become a philosopher-king merely meant to him as not yet having met the right person.
They believed it would inevitably arise as the historical consequence of economic determinism. They belittled the earlier socialism of Robert Owen and others as critical-utopian while theirs was scientific. Jose Rizal likewise thought that his desirable society was achievable in practice.
He Fores-Ganzon1: Prior to the colonization of the Philippines by the Spaniards it is widely believed that the natives had their own civilization: When the Spaniards colonized them, the natives had already left the Neolithic stage and were in the process of developing a full-blown civilization.
This was important because the church was an instrument of the state in the process of conquest and colonization. The Agustinian friars who were the first to arrive in the Philippines, together with the batches of friars from the early religious orders that came to the country, were the champions of the natives since they defended the latter in their parishes from the abuses and excesses of encomenderos who collected taxes in lands awarded to them by virtue of their encomienda rights.
This protective generosity and religious zeal among the friars declined when the encomienda system was abolished and replaced by alcaldias or provinces.
Here the friars assumed a number of extra-religious functions which had nothing to do directly with the saving of souls.
One of these was to give his consent on who would become the head of the political territory where he had an influence. For example, in the barangay or municipal level no cabeza de barangay or gobernadorcillo would be appointed by the governor general without the recommendation or consent of the parish priest who held jurisdiction of the territory.
As a consequence the friar became the real political power of the place. In addition, the friar knew the people within his parish since he was the census-taker and he supervised and controlled their education.
In this regard his influence was widespread, i. If this kind of influence was used exclusively for the welfare of the people, it must not only be tolerated but encouraged.
Unfortunately, it became the source of abuses and malpractices. Politically, the gobernadorcillo or kapitan could not make his own independent decisions. He had to consult the friar whose decision was final.
He could not go against the decision of the friar and therefore became a puppet.
Moreover, it was widely accepted that many friars fathered sons and daughters. On the part of the colonial government, certain abuses were perpetuated: First, the indios became docile.TIMELINE - Philippines of Rizal's Times - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation .ppt /.pptx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or view presentation slides online.
The Spanish Colonial System The Evils of Spanish Colonial System The Philippines in Rizal's Time Overview of Spanish Slavery 16th Century Spain made it a custom to hold a non-Christian slave. Corrupt Spanish Officialdom Corrupt Officialdom was another evil of the Spanish Colonial System.
Many colonial officials became rich by illegal means or by marrying the heiresses of rich Filipino families. Mostly ignorant and profligate, they conducted themselves with arrogance because of their alien white skin and tall noses.
11 Abuses of Spaniards in Rizal’s time 1. Instability of Colonial Administration 2. Corrupt officialdom 3. No Philippine representation in the Spanish Cortes 4. Human Rights denied to Filipinos 5.
No equality before the law 6. Maladministration of justice 7. Racial Discrimination 8. Frailocracy 9. Forced labor Haciendas owned by the Friars The Philippines of Rizal's Time (19th Century) Instability of Colonial Administration The instability of Spanish politics since the turbulent reign of King Ferdinand VII () marked the beginning of political chaos in Spain.
El Filibusterismo (The Subversive) is the second novel by Jose Rizal (), national hero of the Philippines. Like its predecessor, the better-known Noli Me Tangere, the Fili was written in Castilian while Rizal was traveling and studying in Europe/5().