A dynasty is a ruling family that passes control from one generation to the next. A dynasty does not have to last for a long time. One Chinese dynasty lasted more than years while another lasted only fifteen years.
By definition, the modern practice of history begins with written records. Evidence of human culture without writing is the realm of prehistory. Mesopotamia[ edit ] While neolithic writing is a current research topic, conventional history assumes that the writing process first evolved from economic necessity in the ancient Near East.
Writing most likely began as a consequence of political expansion in ancient cultures, which needed reliable means for transmitting information, maintaining financial accounts, keeping historical records, and similar activities.
Around the 4th millennium BC, the complexity of trade and administration outgrew the power of memory, and writing became a more dependable method of recording and presenting transactions in a permanent form.
Louvre Chinese writing worksheet Archaeologist Denise Schmandt-Besserat determined the link between previously uncategorized clay "tokens", the oldest of which have been found in the Zagros region of Iran, and the first known writing, Mesopotamian cuneiform.
Later they began placing these tokens inside large, hollow clay containers bulla, or globular envelopes which were then sealed. The quantity of tokens in each container came to be expressed by impressing, on the container's surface, one picture for each instance of the token inside.
They next dispensed with the tokens, relying solely on symbols for the tokens, drawn on clay surfaces. To avoid making a picture for each instance of the same object for example: In this way the Sumerians added "a system for enumerating objects to their incipient system of symbols".
The original Mesopotamian writing system believed to be the world's oldest was derived around BC from this method of keeping accounts. By the end of the 4th millennium BC,  the Mesopotamians were using a triangular-shaped stylus pressed into soft clay to record numbers.
This system was gradually augmented with using a sharp stylus to indicate what was being counted by means of pictographs. Round-stylus and sharp-stylus writing was gradually replaced by writing using a wedge-shaped stylus hence the term cuneiformat first only for logogramsbut by the 29th century BC also for phonetic elements.
Around BC, cuneiform began to represent syllables of spoken Sumerian. About that time, Mesopotamian cuneiform became a general purpose writing system for logograms, syllables, and numbers.
Scripts similar in appearance to this writing system include those for Ugaritic and Old Persian. The last cuneiform scripts in Akkadian discovered thus far date from the 1st century AD.
Elamite scripts[ edit ] Over the centuries, three distinct Elamite scripts developed. Proto-Elamite is the oldest known writing system from Iran.
In use only for a brief time c.Chinese Character and Calligraphy Worksheets for Kids.
Part of the learning process is discovering and gaining knowledge about other cultures. One way teachers can introduce some diversity to their students—and do so in way that’s both amusing and educational—is through our Chinese character and calligraphy worksheets. Chinese Character worksheets with stroke sequences.
The system can generate worksheets for all the characters defined in the national standard character set of China and over 7, characters in the traditional Chinese character set. Chinese Writing Master is a long-awaited dream tool for anyone wishing to learn and improve chinese characters handwriting..
User Friendly Design Taking the advantage of non-chinese Windows. Built-in enhanced unicode support making it an ideal tool to learn handwriting simplified and traditional chinese characters.
CBT Thought Record.
The CBT Thought Record is an essential tool in cognitive behavioral therapy. Thought challenging records help people to evaluate their negative automatic thoughts for . Provides teachers and parents a tool to generate Chinese homework sheets to young learners.
This week, we have learnt how to write five Chinese characters. All Chinese characters are built up from strokes. There are around more than 30 types of strokes altogether, some of which are compound strokes made from basic strokes.