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American baseball executive T he names Rickey and Robinson will always be linked in the annals of sport because of their respective roles in breaking major league baseball's "color line," a seminal event which is regarded as having had a monumental effect — perhaps most of all symbolically, but also in a practical sense — on the Civil Rights movement.
Wesley Branch Rickey 's determination, in the face of opposition from other baseball owners, to sign a black player and desegregate professional baseball; his recruitment and signing of Jackie Robinson ; and his orchestration of Robinson's debut in the major leagues opened the door for blacks in baseball and helped change the course of American history.
Rickey was greatly influenced by his mother, Emily, who helped to give him a sense of moral purpose and a strong religious faith. Rickey attended school in a one-room schoolhouse in Rush Township, Ohio and later in the nearby town of Lucasville but was unable to earn a high school diploma since the school didn't offer one.
After completing his schooling, Rickey, who was then in his late teens, was encouraged by James Finney, a school superintendent and coach, to take an exam to become a schoolteacher. After a course of intensive self-study, Rickey earned a teaching certificate and taught for two years in a school in Scioto County.
Rickey learned early that he had to show his command of the class by standing up to rowdy students, which he did on two notable occasions, using his fists to put strong, older boys in their place.
He had not been expected to go to college and had to talk his father into letting him attend. Rickey played on the OWU football and baseball teams in his freshman year. When he returned to school, Rickey found to his surprise that playing for money had caused him to lose his athletic eligibility.
The president of OWU, Dr. Bashford, gave Rickey a way to get back his eligibility by suggesting that he sign a paper denying the charges that he had played for money, but Rickey said he could not do so and attest to something that was false. In the spring ofthe OWU baseball coach resigned and Bashford, who had been impressed by Rickey's honesty and character in the loss of eligibility incident, asked Rickey, who was in his sophomore year, to take over as the school's baseball coach.
During his first season, Rickey witnessed a couple of notable instances of overt racism against the only black player on the OWU team, first baseman Charles Thomas. These incidents made an "indelible" impression on him. Meanwhile, he had become a professional baseball player during the summer months, when on vacation from college.
He played minor league baseball for two consecutive seasons and at the end of the season was promoted from the Dallas team in the Texas League to the Cincinnati Reds, who were in need of help at Rickey's position, catcher.
He joined the Reds in September, but was sent packing and never got into a game after the manager found out that Rickey, because of religious scruples, refused to play baseball on Sundays.
Rickey made it to the major leagues again in and played parts of two seasons as a catcher for the St. He also played in for the New York Highlanders the team that eventually became the Yankeesbut an injury sustained during the offseason while throwing a ball in the OWU gymnasium had impaired Rickey's throwing ability and ended his playing career prematurely.
Becomes Major League Executive While playing professional baseball, Rickey continued to coach at the college level. He spent two years as football and baseball coach at Allegheny College in Meadville, Pennsylvania.
Inhe was married to Jane Moulton. InRickey enrolled in the University of Michigan Law School, from which he earned a law degree in while also coaching the university's baseball team. Inhe set up a short-lived law practice in BoiseOhio with two former OWU fraternity brothers, but the practice foundered, and Rickey soon returned to the University of Michiganwhere he took up coaching again.
Rickey was hired in by Browns owner Robert Lee Hedges who had known Rickey from his playing days with the Browns as a scout and then, shortly thereafter, inbecame an executive assistant in the Browns' front office.
Rickey was also appointed field manager at the end of the season and served in that capacity for the next two seasons before being replaced by the Browns' new owner, Philip De Catesby Ball, who retained Rickey in a front office role.
InRickey accepted a higher-paying job as president of the Browns' national league counterparts, the St. The Browns' owner, Ball, objected to Rickey's departure and undertook legal action in an unsuccessful attempt to enforce provisions of Rickey's contract with the Browns.Jackie Robinson, Brooklyn Dodgers' second baseman, has a wide smile that almost matches the wide eyes of Dodgers president Branch Rickey as they get together on Jackie's contract in the.
Wesley Branch Rickey  American baseball executive The names Rickey and Robinson will always be linked in the annals of sport because of their respective roles in breaking major league baseball's "color line," a seminal event which is regarded as having had a monumental effect — perha.
Jackie Robinson was born on January 31, [tags: Jackie Robinson Essay] Better Essays words | ( pages) | Preview. Jackie Robinson - Jackie Robinson was born in Cairo.
The year Jackie was born was to a family of farmers. His Mother name is Mallie Robinson. Jackie Robinson and Branch Rickey. Branch Rickey and Jackie Robinson: Interview Essay In August, , while playing for the Kansas City Monarchs of the Negro League, Jackie met in Brooklyn with Dodgers owner-manager Branch Rickey.
Jackie Robinson was their man. The meeting took place in Rickey's office on August 28, and lasted about three hours. Rickey grilled the twenty-six year old Robinson on his resolve and challenged him with racist scenarios that he may have to confront on and off the field.
Apr 14, · In her essay, June Fifield wrote that her husband kept the story of the encounter to himself for most of his life, but eventually came to realize that Jackie Robinson, and the rest of the world, should hear of it after Rickey died, and so he told it to his wife.