Mistrust Is the world a safe place or is it full of unpredictable events and accidents waiting to happen?
Erik Erikson Erik Homburger Erikson June 15, — May 12, was a German developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on social development of human beings, and for coining the phrase identity crisis. Erik Homburger Erickson The following has been adapted from the Wikipedia website.
Erikson's lifelong interest in psychological aspects of identity may be traced to his childhood. He was born as a result of his mother's extramarital affair and the circumstances of his birth were concealed from him in his childhood. His mother, Karla Abrahamsen came from a prominent Jewish family in Copenhagen, which traced its origin to the northern German lands.
Her father, Josef, was a merchant in dried goods; her mother Henrietta died when Karla was only Karla's older brothers Einar, Nicolai, and Axel were active in local Jewish charity and helped maintain a free soup kitchen for indigent Jewish immigrants from Russia.
Since Karla Abrahamsen was officially married to a Jewish stockbroker Waldemar Isidor Salomonsen at the time, her son, born in Germany, was registered as Erik Salomonsen. There is no more information about his biological father, except that he was a Dane and his given name probably was Erik.
It is also suggested that he was married at the time that Erikson was conceived. Following her son's birth, Karla trained to be a nurse, moved to Karlsruhe and in married a Jewish pediatrician Theodor Homburger. In Erik Salomonsen became Erik Homburger and in he was officially adopted by his stepfather.
The development of identity seems to have been one of his greatest concerns in Erikson's own life as well as in his theory. During his childhood and early adulthood he was known as Erik Homburger, and his parents kept the details of his birth a secret.
He was a tall, blond, blue-eyed boy who was raised in the Jewish religion. At temple school, the kids teased him for being Nordic; at grammar school, they teased him for being Jewish.
Erikson's greatest innovation was to postulate not five stages of development, as Sigmund Freud. Sigmund Freud had done with his psychosexual stages, but eight.
Erikson elaborated Freud's genital stage into adolescence, and added three stages of adulthood. His widow Joan Serson Erikson elaborated on his model before her death, adding a ninth stage old age to it, taking into consideration the increasing life expectancy in Western cultures.
Erikson is also credited with being one of the originators of Ego psychology, which stressed the role of the ego as being more than a servant of the id.
According to Erikson, the environment in which a child lived was crucial to providing growth, adjustment, a source of self awareness and identity. In Erikson left the University of California at Berkeley when professors there were asked to sign loyalty oaths.
He spent ten years working and teaching at the Austen Riggs Center in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, and ten years more back at Harvard.
Erikson investigated child molestation firsthand and how this was guided by the role of culture and interpersonal communication.Freud’s Stages of Psychosexual Development are, like other stage theories, completed in a predetermined sequence and can result in either successful completion or a healthy personality or can result in failure, leading to an unhealthy personality.
Lawrence Kohlberg's stages of moral development constitute an adaptation of a psychological theory originally conceived by the Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget.
Kohlberg began work on this topic while a psychology graduate student at the University of Chicago in and expanded upon the theory throughout his life..
The theory holds that moral reasoning, the basis for ethical behavior, has six. Erik Homburger Erikson (June 15, – May 12, ) was a German developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on social development of human beings, and for coining the phrase identity crisis..
Erik Homburger Erickson: The following has been adapted from the Wikipedia website.. Erikson's lifelong interest in psychological aspects of identity may be traced to his childhood.
Operant conditioning is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. Through operant conditioning, an individual makes an association between a particular behavior and a consequence (Skinner, ).
Dr. Bogdarian noticed that one of her students addresses her with the word mother instead of the word professor or doctor. Dr. Bogdarian applies the principles of _____, and hypothesizes the student misspeaks because he is unconsciously associating her with his mother.
Branches of history History of the arts. Histories have been written about architecture, sculpture, painting, music, dance, theatre, motion pictures, television, and alphabetnyc.come essential differences, these forms of historiography have some common features.